as stated by the Foreign Affairs Council of 9 December 2019 and the conclusions of the European Council of 12 and 13 December 2019, this agreement poses a threat to the stability of the region, in addition to violating the sovereign rights of third countries and violating the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea; Turkey`s Libya deal also has implications for the prospects of libya`s brutal civil war, where Ankara and its Gulf ally, Qatar, support the Government of the National Agreement (GNA), while the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, France and Russia support rival forces led by Khalifa Haftar, a 75-year-old warlord. The internationally recognized Tripoli government confirmed the new agreements, but did not give details. Under the new agreement, Cyprus, Egypt, Greece and Israel will not be able to carry out exploration or future pipelines without first obtaining Turkey`s permission. Israel argues that the unilateral measure does not allow Ankara to prevent it from building a gas pipeline linking the Leviathan field to Cyprus and Crete, Greece and Europe. Even the EU, which is often critical of Israel, agrees. Turkey is not a signatory to the 1982 UN agreement regulating maritime borders and does not recognize the Southern Republic of Cyprus and its agreements on an exclusive economic zone with Egypt, Lebanon and Israel. The registration of the agreement between Turkey and the Libyan GNA at the United Nations is clearly an ambitious and encouraging signal to other coastal states for Ankara to have a say in the future development of the region`s gas and hydrocarbon reserves. While an exclusive policy can create tension and instability, inclusion and cooperation will definitely ensure a win-win outcome for all countries in this geostrategic region. Egypt also criticized the agreement and called it “illegal.” There are no such in-depth agreements between the coastal states of the eastern Mediterranean. The Greek Cypriot administration of southern Cyprus considers itself the sole authority on the island, while Greece, Libya, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon and Israel have declared all EEZs of the eastern Mediterranean. It is important to note, however, that the DEEE agreements between the EU and the Greek Cypriot duo and the us-backed coastal states have no legitimacy because of the illegality of the Eastern Mediterranean Gas Forum – which violates the rights protected by international law of Turkey and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) -. On the basis of this agreement, Turkey would be able to send troops to assist Libya in launching joint maritime exploration activities and gaining a position of strength in decisions regarding pipelines crossing these sections of the seabed.
The issue of border delimitation in the eastern Mediterranean has unique factors that must be taken into account when borders are defined. The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNDSC) proposes a fair and legitimate distribution of maritime resources and the delimitation of maritime borders. While the geographical conditions of the region are at the heart of disputes over EEZs in the eastern Mediterranean, the policies of nations, in particular, are contrary to the convention`s fundamental principles, such as the principles of “justice,” “non-intervention” and “equitable geographical distribution.” The international legal order of the EEZ was governed by Articles 55-57 of Part V of UNCLOS of 1982.