However, there are often situations, especially for a small business, where shareholders and directors are the same people and compliance with the Companies Act may seem too restrictive and complicated. Confirmation of a shareholders` agreement at the outset can ensure that future litigation and costly litigation is much less likely and should provide for fair procedures for adjudicating in the event of a dispute. If a company finds that a shareholders` agreement is not necessary and that the articles of association are sufficient, the company should ensure that the articles of association resolve all the provisions necessary for the management of the company and the rights of the shareholders. It is easier to agree on all these things at the beginning of a trade agreement; Often, shareholders can turn their backs and it can be more difficult to reach an agreement at this stage. d. Do you know what happens to shares when a shareholder dies? In my experience, the real value of a shareholders` agreement is to sit down and address all these topics. Then everyone will know exactly where they are, which can help avoid future quarrels. For example, shareholders may agree in advance to accept the opinion or decision of a trusted advisor. A shareholders` agreement is an important and useful document because it provides a mechanism for defining the principles by which shareholders or partners in a joint venture agree to manage their business. Each shareholder will own shares in the company. They could each own the same number of shares, but very often they won`t. Shares could be divided into 51/49 or some other proportion in order to give control to a shareholder and avoid blockages in decision-making.